What is a DRON?
They are probably one of the most advanced technologies in the field of robotics, aeronautics and electronics. The technical name of the drones is “Unmanned aerial vehicles” (UAVs or UAV). They are small unmanned aerial vehicles with a wide range of sizes, shapes and functions, controlled by ground systems (remote control). The word drone is an adaptation to Spanish of “drone”, its meaning literally alludes to a bumblebee or drone, since the first manufactured prototypes were small airplanes that tried to reproduce the ease of flight of the bumblebee to increase versatility and the depth of the North American airplanes. The first draft of drone, an unmanned aircraft, was carried out by Archibald Low in 1916, since then various prototypes have been made. The drones have been spinning for some years and their popularity is gradually increasing. 2016 can be a great year, not only because of the possibility of seeing Amazon drones making shipments, but also because of several new technologies that are coming, that mark where the consumer drone industry is going. Here I bring you the most important news:How drones have evolved and what possible uses they will have in the future.The first thing we need to know is that drones are a breakthrough in technology, since they bring together the best in the field of robotics, electronics and even aeronautics. Normally, we imagine these devices with a small size, however, they have a variety of sizes and uses that can be used in all kinds of tasks.Many of the activities performed by drones involve an added risk, either due to the difficulty of it (detection of explosives, aerial reconnaissance) or because it is difficult for human beings to access it (fire fighting in high mountains, rescues, etc.).Very interesting advantages:
Aerial surveillance.Security and prevention They can be used in fires, for police surveillance, for earthquake detection, to avoid traffic jams, etc.
Leisure and sport. To record images in places of difficult access.Photography and tourism This technology is especially useful for recording images and videos in 3D with excellent quality.
This year at the CES technology fair the drones occupied a great place, but without a doubt, the most striking for the innovative, is the EHang 184 that can be piloted by a human passenger … yes, it would be a flying car !! ! There is also an underwater drone, called Sea Wolf that looks like a metallic guppy fish.
Do drones have artificial intelligence?
Most of them, no. Passively, they obey the orders of an operator on the ground, transmitted by radio from a powerful remote control. You can understand them as passive robotic tools. But there are more complex products that have a certain level of autonomy and flight control, especially the models that are able to navigate only via GPS.Like any advance, there is always a counterpart. Drones can pose a risk to the user. And no, we are not talking about the fingers of Enrique Iglesias, some fall that has caused several stitches or material damage. The main debate that opens is how they would affect the privacy of users.Drones can be used and will sometimes be used as surveillance systems. Cameras that could follow anyone while walking through the city, used to enter easily on private land or even used to attempt – you may remember the case of the drone that snuck into the White House – possibilities that do arouse some fear .
With only 300 grams of weight and a high image quality, the drone is handled without a cable or control in between. The Spark emerged as a drone with ‘human intelligence’, since if the person makes the traditional farewell gesture with hands, this is removed from the place.
To state that although the use of the human body as a control method is the most striking, it still maintains remote control and the option of taking images by means of the telephone.
1. Parrot Mini drone
This lightweight drone has rubber tires that allow you to move, by jumping, on different surfaces with a speed of up to seven kilometers per hour and can take off up to 80 centimeters off the ground. It has a front camera, which can be controlled from a smartphone app.
Price: 5,199 pesos
Drones to save animals
The use of drones to enter where planes, helicopters or cars can not reach is not something new, however, if it is that they incorporate infrared cameras and, in addition, that the images obtained are treated with the same technology that the IAC uses for the analysis of the images of the farthest stars.
Johan Knapen is the researcher at the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC) who for more than a year has collaborated with astronomers and ecologists at John Moores University in Liverpool on a project to monitor the nocturnal activity of a large number of species that In addition, they are in danger of extinction. His work has consisted in adapting the free software that has been used for decades in the location and characterization of the most distant objects in the universe to the detection of animals in infrared images captured by drones.